Archeological dating method
However, archaeology is distinct from paleontology and studies only past human life.Archaeology also examines many of the same topics explored by historians.
Absolute dating methods that rely on specialized laboratory analyses such as dendrochronology, radiocarbon, and luminescence measurements are available to historical archaeologists.Radiocarbon dating generally is not reliable for samples postdating c.Archeology is the scientific study of past human culture and behavior, from the origins of humans to the present.We know that it is older than Christendom, but whether by a couple of years or a couple of centuries, or even by more than a millenium, we can do no more than guess." [Rasmus Nyerup, (Danish antiquarian), 1802 (in Trigger, 19)].Nyerup's words illustrate poignantly the critical power and importance of dating; to order time.Archaeology is particularly important for learning about prehistoric societies, for whom there may be no written records to study.
Prehistory includes over 99% of the human past, from the Paleolithic until the advent of literacy in societies across the world.
Archaeology as a field is distinct from the discipline of palaeontology, the study of fossil remains.
To reiterate, archaeologists do not dig dinosaurs, and tend to find this misconception rather disheartening.
Petrie knew that styles of pottery seemed to come and go over time--in his case, he noted that some ceramic urns from the graves had handles and others had just stylized ridges in the same location on similarly shaped urns.
He assumed that the change in styles was an evolutionary one, and, if you could quantify that change, he surmised it might be used to indicate which cemeteries were older than others.
while in Europe archaeology is often viewed as either a discipline in its own right or a sub-field of other disciplines.