Chronometric dating techniques based
In the Southwest, and particularly in CRM, there are several defined types of survey: Remote Sensing: Remote sensing in archeology employs a wide variety of aerial and satellite imaging, as well as radar, sonar and lidar, to build landscape images useful for recognizing archeological materials not visible to ground crews.
These methods are employed to first locate and identify sites, features, and artifacts, and then to reconstruct the temporal associations, cultural histories, functions, and meanings of the same archeological material.dating, the determination of the age of an object, of a natural phenomenon, or of a series of events.There are two basic types of dating methods, relative and absolute.Survey: Survey accounts for the initial in-field investigations of a region, and aims to record artifacts, features, and site locations of archeological interest.An archeological survey is typically accomplished by a crew of people systematically walking transects, or linear, evenly spaced lines, across an area of interest, although aerial inventories are also possible with the use of small planes, helicopters, and even satellite imagery.When ‘parent’ uranium-238 decays, for example, it produces subatomic particles, energy and ‘daughter’ lead-206.
Isotopes are important to geologists because each radioactive element decays at a constant rate, which is unique to that element.
Following death, however, no new carbon is consumed.
Progressively through time, the carbon-14 atoms decay and once again become nitrogen-14.
As a result, there is a changing ratio of carbon-14 to the more atomically stable carbon-12 involves actually counting individual carbon-14 atoms.
This allows the dating of much older and smaller samples but at a far higher cost.
This is different to relative dating, which only puts geological events in time Most absolute dates for rocks are obtained with radiometric methods.