Dating aynsley marks
The set you have is a lovely design - very simple but able to give you great pleasure to use or simply admire.You were correct in the earlier of your estimations of date.
Aynsley used local Staffordshire clay and elaborate designs created from his own engravings to gain popularity in Stoke-on-Trent. He later turned the business over to his son, James Aynsley.The backstamp mark can be dated to between 19 making it late art deco but not of the extreme Claris Cliff 'Bizarre' type.After this time, the stamp is similar but has an 'EST. Aynsley often did not name their patterns but simply gave them a number. It is strange to think of this lovely set being produced in the period of the great stock market crash and before the Second World war.Although it is not definite why this occurred, it is likely that this product was made during the First World War when materials were difficult to acquire and inferior materials were used. Introduced in 1926, possibly to mark the Wembley Exhibition of that year. Interestingly this registry mark dates from 1884 but was only used from 1926! Around scroll with Celtic decoration and the words "deanta in eireann" (made in Ireland) added.On Earthenware the stamp Belleek changed to "Melvin Ware" in 1936 probably to distinguish it from the more prestigious Parian China. The Pottery resumed full production in 1946 In tests carried out on backstamps, green was felt to be less obtrusive than black at showing through the translucent China and thus it was decided to change the colour from black to green.Using this process resulted in the "Portland Works", a new factory, opening a short time later in Stroke-on-Trent in 1861.
As more of Aynsley's designs became popular, Aynsley China began to build a significant reputation.
The partners were initially Herbert James Aynsley, John Gerrard Aynsley and William Illingworth.
This company began production at the St Gregory's Works, Gregory Street in Longton in the last few years of the 19th century and moved to the Atlas Works, Sutherland Road, Longton in March 1903.
I am thinking they are from the 1930's - 1950's period because of the 'bone china' mark and something similar that I have seen but I am very new to this so any help would be appreciated!
Claire==========================================Reply by Peter (admin)To:- Antique bone China Query - Aynsley teacups Hi Claire Thanks for your query.
During this period Belleek also used impressed mark, with the words "BELLEEK, CO.