Intimidating a witness uk
Witness intimidation is but one aspect of the larger set of problems related to protecting crime victims and witnesses from further harm. “Working With Victim/Witness Assistance Programs: Benefits for Law Enforcement.” Police Chief 52(6): 54-57, 60.
This guide focuses on the issues and responses that are most relevant to police, although useful resources for prosecutors are highlighted where appropriate. In England and Wales a Criminal Behaviour Order may be obtained where an offender has been convicted of an offence and has engaged, or is likely to engage, in conduct likely to cause harassment, distress or alarm to others and the order is likely to prevent this in the future.Vulnerable victims In accordance with the victims code of practice, a victim of crime is considered vulnerable and thus eligible for an enhanced service under the Code if they are (a) under the age of 17 at the time of the offence; or (b) If the service provider considers that the quality of evidence given by the victim is likely to be diminished by reason of any circumstances falling below The circumstances falling within this are: (a) That the victim (i) suffers from mental disorder within the meaning of the Mental Health Act 1983, (ii) otherwise has a significant impairment of intelligence and social functioning; (b) that the victim has a physical disability or is suffering from a physical disorder.Some time ago we were subject to a number of attacks, including on property.These went on for a number of months and then stopped suddenly - these things were not happening to neighbours and were puzzling.People experience repeated incidents and problems of intimidation and harassment day after day.
In some cases, the victim and the perpetrator live close to each other, often as neighbours.
The intensity and frequency of incidents, combined with the proximity of victim and perpetrator, not only makes harassment and intimidation extremely distressing, it also makes it difficult for recipients of this kind of abuse from taking a stand and speaking out against the behaviour.
Local authorities have a responsibility to take immediate enforcement action to protect those who are being harassed or intimidated.
Witness intimidation plays a role in many types of crime and is related to other problems that police encounter during the course of an investigation.
Witness intimidation, however, is not the same as repeat victimization.
This may be through an injunction or an interim ASBO (which may be obtained without notice to the defendant in Scotland and Northern Ireland) or a Community Protection Notice (in England and Wales) and can provide immediate relief and raise confidence in the ability of local agencies to tackle this sort of anti-social behaviour.