Types of relative dating techniques
For example, if an artefact, say an oil lamp, is found co-located on the same floor of a governor's dwelling, and that floor can be dated in archaeology terms by reason of the patterns employed in the mosaic, then it is assumed that in relation to the floor that the lamp is of the same age.
Between the years of 17, James Hutton and William Smith advanced the concept of relative dating.It only sequences the age of things or determines if something is older or younger than other things.Some types of relative dating techniques include climate chronology, dendrochronology, ice core sampling, stratigraphy, and seriation.Ice cores showed the age of a military plane buried in the artic as thousands of years old.Similarly, dendrochronology measures the tree rings in trees and assumes they represent years.Since certain species of animals existed on Earth at specific times in history, the fossils or remains of such animals embedded within those successive layers of rock also help scientists determine the age of the layers.
Similarly, pollen grains released by seed-bearing plants became fossilized in rock layers.
Hutton, a Scottish geologist, first proposed formally the fundamental principle used to classify rocks according to their relative ages.
He concluded, after studying rocks at many outcrops, that each layer represented a specific interval of geologic time.
This method is based on the assumption (which nearly always holds true) that deeper layers of rock were deposited earlier in Earth's history, and thus are older than more shallow layers.
The successive layers of rock represent successive intervals of time.
This term means that older artefacts are usually found below younger items.